Posted by: Isidora | February 23, 2013

Medieval Isis

When the Christian Empire forcibly forbade the worship of the Pagan Deities, the Goddesses and Gods did not die, but They did go underground.

A carving of Isis from the Aquisgrana Cathedral in Germany

A carving of Isis from the Aquisgrana Cathedral in Germany. Note Her Isis knot.

One place They hid was euhemerism, which is the idea that the Deities are merely historical mortals who, because of their special talents or moral worth, eventually came to be worshipped as Goddesses and Gods. Euhemerus developed this concept in the third century BCE. It turned out to be a bad idea in that emerging Christianity could then ridicule Pagans as worshipping mere human beings. On the other hand, it did preserve the stories of the Goddesses and Gods far into the West’s Christian-ruled centuries. Since these stories were not really about Deities, you see, the stories could be told without being a threat to Christianity.

Churches and cathedrals of the Middle Ages were often decorated equally with images of Pagan Deities and Biblical characters. The sibyls of the Pagans and the prophets of the Bible were both considered people of wisdom from whom the churchgoer could learn. And while the Church wasn’t completely comfortable with this arrangement (and sometimes even railed against it) still the practice continued.

In these stories, Isis is often seen as a culture-bearer and philosopher. In 1508, John Trithemius, the Abbot of Spanheim, lists Isis among the “men” who devoted themselves to the study of wisdom.

Verily in these times, as it evidently appears from the Histories of the Ancients, men more earnestly applied themselves to the study of wisdom, amongst whom the last learned and most eminent men, were Mercurius, Bacchus, Omogyius, Isis, Ianachus, Argus, Apollo, Cecrops, and many more, who by their admirable inventions, both profited the world then, and posterity since. (John Trithemius, De Septem Secundeis, A0-6)

Christine de Pisan

Christine de Pisan

Allegory was another refuge of the Pagan Deities. Allegory interprets the myths or attributes of the Pagan Deities as moral tales or philosophical concepts. Again, it was a method created by Pagans themselves to find additional meaning in their myths. The Neoplatonists of the late Pagan period used allegory as a method to refute the arguments of Christians who claimed moral superiority for their religion. Pagans could point to allegorical interpretations of the myths to show how Pagan myths taught honor, chastity, fidelity, and other virtues. Eventually, the myths of the Pagan Deities came to be used at least as often as Biblical stories to teach “Christian” values.

One of the writers who learned from the story of Isis was Christine de Pisan (1364—1430 CE). De Pisan was born in Venice, but spent her life in France. Writing in the Late Middle Ages, de Pisan was an early feminist (some say the first feminist, some prefer proto-feminist); her work challenged misogyny and the gender stereotypes of her day.

dePisan Ysys

Ysys (Isis) descends from heaven to graft new branches on old trees. The Goddess cultivates trees and fields just as the knight should cultivate virtues in himself.

In a work called the Epistle of Orthea to Hector, de Pisan writes as the Goddess Orthea, a Goddess she created to represent the “Wisdom of Women,” to the young Trojan Hector, who represented the ideal knight. The Epistle consists of 100 stories meant to teach values to the young. All the stories are derived from Pagan texts from authors like Homer and Ovid. In one, de Pisan describes Isis (Ysys) as a planter and cultivator.

An illustration accompanying the text shows Isis grafting new branches on old trees. The knight is advised to follow the example of the Goddess and plant virtues in himself. The planting of these virtues is to be understood as similar to the conception of Jesus by the Blessed Virgin Mary, Whose “great bounties may be neither imagined nor said.” As was so frequently the case, here Isis is assimilated with Mary. As She has so often been, Isis is The Goddess of the day.

While we Isiacs cannot claim that the worship of our Goddess is an uninterrupted tradition, I think we can rightfully claim that Isis never left human awareness. From the time when Her worship was forbidden to modern times when so many have returned to be sheltered in Her loving wings, Isis continued to live in myth, in allegory, in stories, in poems by first-feminist poets, in wisdom teachings, in alchemy, and in so many of the flowing streams of the Western Esoteric Tradition. Isis is alive. The Goddess is alive. And yes, She always has been.



  1. Great post. It’s quite remarkable how many references to Isis one can find in Medieval European literature, even before the Renaissance.

  2. Wonderful post, I am not that aware of the medieval references to the Goddess and found this very thought provoking thank you

  3. Interesting that you posted this, ladt night at The Isis Mysteries series I present in NYC, the question was raised ” is modern Isiaiscm a continuation OR reconstructionist religion”. It’s always a good conversation after explaining in brief how our Goddess Isis’s faith has had its fair share of peaks and valleys. I stand to agree with you, though we aren’t practicing a direct link as far back as ancient Rome or Egypt, this doesn’t make it diluted. In fact the Isiaiscm practiced in Rome long after Pharonic Egyptian practices passed was a modern interpretation to the people of that time. To draw , know and be inspired by the past is vital BUT it is our bligation to Isis to contribute to our times in keeping Her spirit, message & memory alive! Bravo.. Amma Iset!

  4. Exactly! I am always deeply inspired by the ancient religion and usually incorporate phrases from the ancient texts and/or acts from the ancient rites (as far as we can know them), but for me, Isiacism is not a reconstruction of the worship of past times alone. Like you, I think it is vital that Her religion lives and grows with the times.

  5. Reblogged this on Stay for a Spell.

  6. Greetings Neferet,
    I read and printed your article and I will read it again soon because some of the words are beyond me and some are in old English and I am an American so old english does not click in my brain pan really well. I love all of your articles and I hope you respond to my responses but I know somethings cannot be seen all the time and I miss your entries. I’ve brought a pack of shit down on me and I’m just now out from under it and I’m free again. I was bogged down in someones curse and had no choice but to do a magical cleansing and now I feell much better now. I am going to go with this, glorious article. Hope to hear much more from you and Today is going to be my full moon day becauae i’ll be able to see it. So happy full moon, Brightest Blessings., Kristen )0(

  7. Actually there is a novel called AuSet of Kemet where She is a human who is later worshipped as a goddess. I am ruining it on, making her into a goddess again, and since motherhood is a major theme (AuSet has 8 children) it is from the perspective of her midwives who are also lovers (it’s non-explicit but the author of the original book called it “racy”).

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